1) Less serious and informal occasions or events. There are regional dialects such as the Kru Pidgin English used by the Kru This page is all about talking Liberia Liberian English is a variety of English that is spoken in Liberia. The love of liberty brought us here (English) Anthem "All Hail, Liberia, Hail!" Also called Kreyol, Liberian Pidgin English, Liberian English refers to the varieties of English spoken in Liberia. There are five such varieties: Standard Liberian English or Liberian Settler English (similar to American English) Resources for Self-Instructional Learners of Less Commonly Taught Languages by University of Wisconsin-Madison Students in African 671 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted. I It was spoken by 1,500,000 people as a second language (1984 census) which is about 70% of the population in that time. Liberian English is quite distinct from British or American usage. There are several varieties of the language spoken in the country including Kru Pidgin English, Liberian Kreyol language, the Merico language, and Caribbean English. Kreyol originated in Liberia among the Settlers, the free English-speaking African Americans from the Southern United States who emigrated to Liberia between 1819 and 1860. Language Use. 5) If the speaker is emotionally involved or excited in what they are saying. Given this heavy adoption of the first language, it is often associated or seen as a characteristic of a person’s education level (we should be reminded that the varieties of Liberian English are heavily raced and classed). Pidgin, a mix of local languages and English, has become the lingua franca here and is gaining respectability, not least from the BBC, which has its own Pidgin service. Capital: Monrovia Largest city: Monrovia Other cities: Gbarna Language official English others Kreyol (Liberian Pidgin English), Merico or Americo-Liberian, Manding, Kru and Mel languages and the divergent language Gola. See population estimates, location, and other details for Liberian English, plus: 7,458 profiles on every other language in … Language Development. User Population. It is historically and linguistically related to Merico, a creole spoken in Liberia, but is grammatically distinct from it. West African Pidgin English (or WAPE for short) is a family of English-based pidgins spoken in a costal belt of West African nations running from Gambia to Cameroon.While these languages are generally mutually intelligible, a lack of standardization means they are constantly evolving and that local variations are constantly springing up. These five factors include: In the case of Singler’s (1982) taxonomy Liberian Pidgin English is described as the “least standard-like” or the most highly pidginized variety. Liberian Kreyol language (Vernacular Liberian English), or Liberian creole the most common variety, developed from Liberian Interior Pidgin English, the Liberian version of West African Pidgin English though it has been significantly influenced by the Americo-Liberian and the Caribbean slaves Settler English. Kpelle-Health, Sickness, and Wellness Part 2, Kpelle- History and Brief Intro. Nwanne be proud to speak your pidgin whether it is the simple pidgin or waffi pidgin, that doesn’t stop you from speaking good english when you want to. Besides using simpler grammar, other defining characteristics of LPE include: Pronunciation in LPE adopts many of the same rules/sounds as the other varieties, though it is more heavily influenced by the speakers native/first language. 161 likes. Today the knowledge of some form of English … Singler (1982) notes that there five factors that influence how and when an individual uses a particular variety. Man wey naked no dey put hand for pocket LPE is often broken down into two subtypes, “Kru Pidgin English” (“Krumen” and “Kru” which refers broadly to sea or crewmen) and “Soldier English” (historically refers to individuals who joined the military or Firestone plantation despite having any formal English training). 162 likes. Liberian English (lir-lir) = 3 (Wider communication). this is a project of the linguistics program in the department of english, the college of arts and science's technology across the curriculum program, and the center … Vocabulary, verbs and more, Xhosa: Numbers + Money and Days of the Week. "People assume they brought English to Liberia," says linguist John Singler of New York University. Subscribe via link belowhttps://youtu.be/OB6GLACdZZA These five factors lead to “less standard-like speech” (p.16). Tips for Finding a Language Mentor for MSA, Phrases and Expressions for Eating and Sharing Food in Levantine Dialect, Learning Gulf Arabic dialects - A collection of resources, Commonly-used expressions / تعبيرات شائعة, Cultural Resources: Arabic-Speaking Countries, Cultural Resources for Learners of Arabic, Online Resources for Arabic Language Learners, Tips for Finding an Arabic Language Mentor During a Pandemic, Online resources for learning Tunisian Colloquial Arabic (TCA), Library resources for Tunisian Colloquial Arabic (TCA), Cultural resources for learners of Tunisian colloquial Arabic, Short (very simplified) Lesson on Questions. Kreyol (Liberian Pidgin English, Vernacular Liberian English) is an English-based pidgin spoken in Liberia. Liberian Pidgin English - LPE. Trade language and used in informal contexts. It has been analyzed having a post-creole continuum. Liberian English is a term used to refer to the varieties of English spoken in Liberia. This means that while there are distinct variations of Liberian English, they don’t necessarily make up an entire distinct whole, nor do individuals necessarily represent or use only one of these varieties. Location. Today the knowledge of some form of English is even more widespread. Today the knowledge of some form of English is even more widespread. My Pidgin English Channel is now Live!Due to popular demand.. It’s finally here!My pidgin English Channel. University of Wisconsin-Madison Students in African 671, Resources for Self-Instructional Learners of Less Commonly Taught Languages, Next: Varieties- Liberian Vernacular English or Vernacular Liberian English(VLE), Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Today the knowledge of some form of English is even more widespread. Also known as Guinea Coast Creole English. According to wikipedia, the official language in Nigerian is English but we all know that the common language we speak in Nigeria is Pidgin. Kreyol (Liberian Pidgin English, Vernacular Liberian English) is an English-based pidgin spoken in Liberia. Unlock this profile with an Essentials plan. The most highly pidginized varieties in Singler’s definition use the simplest or least inflected grammar (Example- “We de eat bread” instead of “We are eating bread”). Liberian Pidgin English (LPE): In the case of Singler’s (1982) taxonomy Liberian Pidgin English is described as the “least standard-like” or the most highly pidginized variety. Finding a Tutor in a Least Commonly Taught Language, Flashcards: Gen. 3) If the listener displays less-standard like features in their speech. 1) Lacking gender distinction (meaning no differentiation between male and female, instead use of “I” or “he”), 2) Does not use a negator (use of “no” instead of “did not”), 3) Uses “for” instead of “to” (example- “He go for work”), 4) Uses/treats adjectives as a type of verb. Liberian Kreyol (Liberian Pidgin English, Vernacular Liberian English) is an English-based pidgin spoken in Liberia. The term West African Pidgin English refers to a continuum of English -based pidgins and creoles spoken along the west coast of Africa, particularly in Nigeria, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. As noted in a past post Liberian English/Koloqua should be understood as encompassing a continuum. Arabic: A “Less Commonly Taught” and/or a “Critical” Language? Useful Online Resources for Learning Acholi, Acholi: Talking Politics in Northern Uganda, Acholi & Ngakarimojong: Lost in Translation, Introductory Lesson on Greetings in Akan Twi, Introducing yourself and meeting others in Akan Twi, Food & Drinks in Amharic: Basics of Ethiopian Food, Cultural Resources for Learning About the Middle East. It should also again be noted that these different varieties don’t necessarily infer a lack of fluency in English, as individuals/speakers can be “wholly fluent in each variety” (Singler, 1981, p.19). As such, rather than being a pidgin wholly distinct from English, it is a range of varieties that extend from the highly pidginized to one that shows many similarities to English as spoken elsewhere in West Africa. Also known as Kolokwa, was spoken by 1,500,000 people as a second language (1984 census) which is about 70% of the population in that time. Liberian Pidgin English - LPE. Liberia was founded in 1822 as a settlement for freed slaves from the US, and was proclaimed independent in 1847. "But in fact, English was already there — the West African variety, pidgin English." Language Status. [4], https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Liberian_Kreyol_language&oldid=989268343, English-based pidgins and creoles of Africa, All Wikipedia articles written in Liberian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 00:43. Other Comments. Singler describes these pidginized language varities as having a vocabulary and grammar that comes from English (grammar is simplified, demonstrated by the absence of inflections such as verb endings) while the pronunciation comes from the speakers first or native language. With the end of the British colonial presence in West Africa in the mid-twentieth century, however, the tradition came … 2) If the speaker knows the listener well. Pidginenglisch translation in German - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'pietistisch',Pinselstrich',pedantisch',Pi', examples, definition, conjugation The Krumen tradition dates back to the end of the eighteenth century. It has some archaic American expressions held over from the “pioneers” of the 1800s (like “vexed” for angry), but also has some British and other diverse expressions. Kreyol is spoken mostly as an intertribal lingua franca in the interior of Liberia. Kreyol (Liberian Pidgin English, Vernacular Liberian English) is an English-based pidgin spoken in Liberia.It was spoken by 1,500,000 people as a second language (1984 census) which is about 70% of the population in that time. A country on the Atlantic coast of West Africa; population 4,500,000 (estimated 2015); languages, English (official), English-based pidgin; capital, Monrovia. English Group Liberian Pidgin - The Two Roads.mp3 Audio recordings available in Liberian Pidgin English These recordings are designed for evangelism and basic Bible teaching to bring the gospel message to people who are not literate or are from oral cultures, particularly unreached people groups. The most formal variety is the Standard Liberian English. Kpelle-Introductions (part 2) and People! It is historically and linguistically related to Merico, a creole spoken in Liberia, but is grammatically distinct from it. The Liberian Pidgin English Telephone Interpreter is responsible for handling calls on demand, and renders the meaning of conversations between Liberian Pidgin English and English speakers. [4], Kreyol uses no for negation, bi (be) as the copula, fɔ for "to" in verbal infinitives. Pidgin is an English-based creole language and Nigeria’s real lingua franca. Brought to Liberia in 1822 by first group of black American emigrants who settled in Providence Island, now Monravia. There are five such varieties: Standard Liberian English or Liberian Settler English ; Kru Pidgin English; Liberian Kreyol language (Vernacular Liberian English) from African American Vernacular English There are five such varieties: Standard Liberian English or Liberian Settler English ; Kru Pidgin English; Liberian Kreyol language (Vernacular Liberian English) from African American Vernacular English Liberian Kreyol (Liberian Pidgin English, Vernacular Liberian English) is an English-based pidgin spoken in Liberia. Also the copula “de” is used for locational constructions (“He de for work”). Advanced: Unataka kujifunza kuhusu utamaduini au usomaji? [3] Also known as Kolokwa, was spoken by 1,500,000 people as a second language (1984 census) which is about 70% of the population in that time. Kru Pidgin English is a moribund variety that was spoken historically by Krumen. Hancock (1971) and Singler (1982) refer to these varieties as “idealizations” seemingly borrowing from Weber the notion of “ideal type.” The use of each variety is partly based on context or occasion, though not everyone would use that variety within each specific context. Also known as Kolokwa, was spoken by 1,500,000 people as a second language which is about 70% of the population in that time.Today the knowledge of some form of English is even more widespread. Liberian Kreyol language developed from Liberian Interior Pidgin English, the Liberian version of West African Pidgin English, though it has been significantly influenced by Liberian Settler English, itself based on American English, particularly African-American English and Southern American English. https://matadornetwork.com/abroad/beginners-guide-to-nigerian-pidgin-english It was spoken by 1,500,000 people as a second language (1984 census) which is about 70% of the population in that time. 5) Copula (forms of “be”) are simplified and often absent (example- “He be my mother”; “He old”). Liberian Kreyol is an English-based pidgin spoken in Liberia. It is historically and linguistically related to Merico, a creole spoken in Liberia, but is grammatically distinct from it. Its phonology owes much to Liberia's Niger–Congo languages. Today the knowledge of some form of English is even more widespread. The varieties of pronunciation within LPE and between the varieties will be further analyzed upon the completion of a breakdown of the varieties. 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There are regional dialects such as the Kru Pidgin English used by the Kru fishermen.[4]. Gained usage with five varieties and spread throughout Liberia in the 19th century. Liberian Kreyol language (Vernacular Liberian English), or Liberian creole the most common variety, developed from Liberian Interior Pidgin English, the Liberian version of West African Pidgin English though it has been significantly influenced by the Americo-Liberian and the Caribbean slaves Dialects. This page is all about talking Liberia These were individuals, most often from the Klao Bassa people and Grebo ethnic groups, who worked as sailors on ships along the West African coast and also as migrant workers and domestics in such British colonies as the Gold Coast (Ghana) and Nigeria. It has since borrowed some words from French and from other West African languages. Kreyol, Liberian Pidgin English. 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