On 26th of October 2020, Irang has successfully returned to its roosting site in Manipur’s Tamenglong district, after travelling 29,000 kilometres in a marathon journey from its breeding site in China. The Manipur satellite tracking programme of the Amur Falcons started in 2013, and a total of 15 birds have been tagged to this date. During their migration from their breeding area to the winter quarters, they are plump and are hunted for food in parts of northeastern India as well as in eastern Africa. It was reported that the falcons called as “Tuma Loih” in the local dialect of Yaongyimchen started arriving in batches since October second week. Satellite monitoring is of outermost value when it comes to studying and understanding any type of migration pattern, which in turn is of extreme importance for successful conservation actions and the development of conservation management strategies. Route maps which trace the journeys of the Amur Falcons. +2. I was so inspired by this story that I … Be there and encourage the local communities in their effort towards conservation. Sinha raises the importance of passionate, yet respectful conservation practices in India. (+49 228) 815 2401, Fax. See All. For filmmaker Sesino Yhoshu, watching tens and thousands of Amur falcons ( Falco amurensis ) roost by the Doyang reservoir in a remote corner of Nagaland was an awe-inspiring moment. In 2012, mass trapping and capture of migrating Amur falcons in Nagaland (India) … “How do you expect to tell this to the local communities who do not know anything beyond their village or beyond that mountain range.”. This is a remarkable achievement, as the success story of the Amur Falcons not only leads to better protection and safe passage during the bird’s migration, but also puts the basis for other conservation efforts to be carried out for endangered animals and other migratory birds alike (e.g. They believed that whenever they arrived in large numbers, it would portend a good harvest. The Amur Falcon dance festivals held in that state are the first of their kind. On the 27th of August this year the "Friends of the Amur Falcon" campaign was launched . Dimapur, Nov. 3 (EMN): Multitude of Amur falcon (Falco amurensis) are reported to have returned to its favoured roosting site at the Yaongyimchen Community Biodiversity Conservation area in Longleng district. Facts and Information about the Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) and Wildlife. While talking about the conservation of these magnificent birds (that cover over 22,000 kilometres a year!) The sky filled with Amur Falcons congregating in Nagaland © Nick P. Williams. “With changes in the Earth’s climate affecting rainfall patterns as well as the monsoon, the fate of the Amur Falcon and its future presence in Northeast India cannot be taken for granted”, said Dr. Kumar. Amur Falcon Conservation During the 2012 winter passage migration of Amur Falcons, this team discovered a large-scale slaughter of Amur Falcons near the Doyang Reservoir in Wokha district in Nagaland state, India. Awangbow Newmai, Environment and Climate Change minister stated that: “The successful return of two satellite-tagged Amur Falcons has put Manipur on the global map of wildlife conservation efforts […] the state has shown the effort to protect and provide safe bases to the migratory bird Amur Falcons.”. Longleng’s migratory route from Northern China to the East coast of Africa as of 26 August 2020 © Suresh Kumar, The maps of the birds’ subsequent journeys generated excitement and captured the imagination of the local people. Originating from Mongolia, Northeastern China and the Russian Far East, the birds fly over Asia and the Indian Ocean in order to reach their wintering grounds in Souther Africa (e.g. This is a comprehensive campaign to protect the Amur Falcons that migrate through Nagaland every winter and will include nature education, creation of Amur Falcon EcoClubs, patrolling and enforcement, as well as scientific study of the birds. Every year hundreds of thousands of Amur Falcons, a small-sized raptor, the size of a pigeon, make the incredible transcontinental journey from their summer breeding grounds in Southeast Russia and Northeast China to their wintering abode in Southern Africa. Amur falcon conservation has been going on prior to Pangti and there have been villagers that have set aside their community lands for protecting … Amur Falcons roost on tall trees in Doyang (left). Over the three years that the transmitters were working and submitting coordinates, Dr. Kumar kept the media and community leaders informed. The Amur Falcon’s arrival has sparked excitement and joy within these communities, who not long ago, were hunting the species. An innovative long-term community outreach campaign has also been initiated that has been received very well locally. In the years following, the villagers themselves have adopted measures to punish hunting and to protect the birds’ habitat. Migratory Amur Falcons Return to Roost in the Naga Hills Hunting of these raptors have seen a sharp decline in Northeast India due to sustained conservation efforts. The generated excitement prompted villagers from other areas in the state to alert the scientist about additional large colonies. Amur Falcon Conservation Week, the first ever. Robust conservation has been put in place with the funds raised and actions taken to ensure the prevention of illegal hunting of Amur Falcons this year have been completely successful. The story may have started in the Nagaland State of India, where large colonies of the birds were discovered, but it does have a link to the United Arab Emirates, said Dr. Suresh Kumar, one of the key researchers and main champions of the Amur Falcon in India. Thus, Nagaland is also known as the “Falcon Capital of the World,”. (+49 228) 815 2401, Fax. BNHS is also supporting natural history outreach and advocacy in Manipur through the Indian Bird Conservation Network (IBCN). “They started getting emotionally attached to the birds.”. The combination of reddish-orange eyering, cere, and feet distinguishes them from all other falcons. The falcons received their names after places and rivers within the Tamenglong district in Manipur: Chiuluan, Puching, Phalong, Irang and Barak. In conversation with Vaishnavi Rathore (VR), Sinha speaks of her work as Principal Investigator of the Amur Falcon Project at BNHS. (+49 228) 815 2449, Review Mechanism & National Legislation Programme, Overseas Territories/Autonomous Regions & Reservations, From Prey to Protected Species: How the Tide Turned for the Amur Falcon. The Amur falcon has become a mascot of conservation for the Nagas. South Africa, Zambia, Botswana). (Source: AP) Jennithing Shitiri, chairman of Pangti village in Wokha, says the falcons would start arriving mid-October and leave by November-end. Chief Wildlife Warden Dr AK Joshi, who was also present, said conservation of the Amur Falcons not only preserve the natural ecosystem but also benefits the farmers of Tamenglong. Videos. The first three birds satellite-tagged in Nagaland’s Pangti village in Wokha district in 2013 had local names—Naga, Pangti and Wokha. Furthermore, the data collected over the last six years has given the scientists involved in the project a very clear understanding of the Amur Falcons’ migratory routes, as well as an answer to the question why the birds converge in such great numbers in Nagaland, Manipur and other mountainous parts of Northeastern India. However, in 2019 people in some villages in the area took the initiative to pass resolutions imposing fines on hunters and banning the cutting of trees. The efforts and actions taken have proved triumphant, as the Amur Falcons went from being mass hunted to be seen as the flagship species of conservation in a single year. On October 31st and November 1st of 2019, the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) and the Manipur Forest Department fitted five Amur Falcons with satellite radio transmitters in order to study and track their migratory route. In 2018, two birds were tagged in the adjacent state of Manipur. In 2013 and … Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. The male of this small falcon is sooty gray with rufous-orange thighs and vent. The situation also prompted conservation projects,such as the 2015 project funded by the Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, and the satellite tagging project developed by the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) and the Manipur Forest Department. The mass hunting urged the local governments to take immediate actions, and to that end they have banned the killing of the Amur Falcon. © Suresh Kumar. In September 2013, Dr. Kumar was visiting the UAE capital to discuss another raptor, the Saker Falcon, as part of a global initiative, coordinated by the Abu Dhabi Office of the UN’s Convention on Migratory Species. The kick stage can place the payload in LEO orbit from a wide range of altitude and orbit inclination. In turn, the termites are dependent on the annual monsoon, which brings a lot of rain and humidity in this part of India. By Sadiq Naqvi October 31, 2020 Animals File photo of Irang, the satellite tagged Amur Falcon, which recently arrived in Puching Village of Manipur’s Tamenglong District. Traditionally, the Naga’s have been hunting all kinds of game and there have been sporadic reports of huge number of such birds being killed from time to time. The conservation work was initiated by Sungro Range Youth Welfare Organisation. Photos: Seshadri KS Amur Falcons (Falco … For the last two years, the Amur Falcon conservation efforts in Pangti and Sungro villages in Wokha district of Nagaland have passed off successfully in a remarkable conservation turnaround. What is more, the Pangti village turned from a terrifying Amur Falcon hunting ground to a safe haven with zero mortality for the bird. Amur Falcon conservation campaigns Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) nagaland National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) Northeast India (NE) standing committee NBWL wildlife crime wildlife trade The story of the incredible Amur Falcon migration stopover in Nagaland, India, broke to international news in 2012. Single-stage guided suborbital launch vehicle. While hunting is banned in India, the Northeastern part of the country has long been an exception. The Amur Falcon conservation program is to help stop the killings from 2013 through high-level support, patrolling & enforcement, community engagement and an extensive nature education program. In addition, the birds are not connected to specific sites in this part of India but seem to change preferences, most probably depending on the availability of food. With the beginning of winter Amur Falcons (Falco Amurensis) flock in large numbers across northeast India, which acts as a stop-over ground in the bird’s annual migration path. “The emergence of termites perfectly coincides with the arrival of the falcons, it is all so beautifully interlinked,” said Dr. Kumar. Two-stage supersonic rocket powered by solid rocket motors. The flocking behaviour during migration and the density at which they occur, however, expose them to hunting and other threats. Mathur, former Director Wildlife Institute of India in recognition of the efforts to protect Amur Falcons. The next … In 2019 five more birds were tagged again in Manipur. The community in Yaongyimchen village is still tracking “Longleng” a female Amur Falcon, who was tagged in 2016 from the roost site in Yaongyimchen Community Reserve in Longleng district. The females are duller gray above, and their white underparts are well marked with dark chevrons. In 2012, the Amur Falcon was targeted at such mass scale in the State of Nagaland, it set off a massive outcry among environmentalists across the world. He reminded that Amur Falcon is protected under both the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and is included in the Schedule IV of the Act and India is a signatory to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS), it is mandatory to provide them safe passage and ensure their protection and conservation … Dr. Kumar, is a scientist at the Wildlife Institute of India, a state-funded research institution which, following the news about the wide-spread targeting of the Amur Falcon, had been asked by the Indian Ministry of Environment and Forests to help outline protective measures. In 2012, a Naga conservationist named Bano Haralu, along with several colleagues from Conservation India, confirmed rumors that Amur Falcons had begun to gather each night by the hundreds of thousands in densely packed roosts along the Doyang Reservoir, with many more in neighboring areas—very likely the bulk of the entire global population. The festival celebrates Amur Falcons that travel up to 22,000 km per year, and come from South Eastern Siberia and Northern China. A second falcon, Chiuluan, has followed Irang and returned the next day. An appreciation letter from the CMS Raptors MoU was presented in November 2015 to Pastor Nuklu Phom, Community leader of the Yaongyimchen village in Longleng district by Dr. V.B. The Convention on Migratory Species (CMS), also known as the Bonn Convention, is an environmental treaty of the United Nations that provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of terrestrial, aquatic and avian migratory animals and their habitats. By 2013, authorities, religious leaders and youth groups had stepped in to persuade local people to provide safe passage to the birds, which spend a month in the area, normally in October - November, before continuing their migration from Siberia, China and Mongolia onto the southern parts of Africa. Cheers! Learn more, In Memoriam : Bradnee Chambers (1966-2019), Vacancies in the CMS FamilyVacancies in Other OrganizationsInformation about job openings. It was a jaw-dropping tale, with reports of over 100,000 birds seen at a time at the newly created Doyang Reservoir. Abu Dhabi, 10 November 2020 - In October each year, communities in the mountainous parts of Northeast India, gather in anticipation of the arrival of a small grey bird, the Amur Falcon, which annually migrates over 30,000 km. Three-stage small-launch vehicle, intended for placing payloads into SSO. The public awareness momentum generated because of this initiative has inspired the local population to act. “Even people who are educated cannot connect the geography because there is no visual element,” said Dr. Kumar. Another objective — and one which turned out to be instrumental in achieving the support of local people — was to create awareness about the long migratory journeys of the birds, journeys in which Nagaland was just one stop. She said, “The Amur falcon, a raptor which migrates from Russia and China to spend its winter in South Africa, makes a stopover in Nagaland.In the past, up to 14,000 Amur … Satellite-tracked Amur Falcons return successfully to the Tamenglong district in Manipur, leading to further protection and conservation efforts for migratory birds and endangered species alike. They build up fat reserves by foraging on termites that emerge during this time. To celebrate the conservation story, the Nagaland government held an Amur Falcon Conservation Week and Festival earlier this month in Wokha district, 400 kilometers (250 miles) east of Gauhati. In Tamenglong district of Manipur, some of the locals believe that these were sacred birds. They discovered a colony impressive in size. It will really aim to showcase wildlife conservation, while at the same time spreading awareness regarding these creatures and the Doyang region. Satellite Tracking Today, the hunting, trapping, killing and selling of Amur specimens can lead to penalties such as three years of imprisonment and steep fines. Abu Dhabi, 10 November 2020 - In October each year, communities in the mountainous parts of Northeast India, gather in anticipation of the arrival of a small grey bird, the Amur Falcon, which annually migrates over 30,000 km. This site is maintained by the CMS Secretariat © 2020  | DisclaimerCMS Secretariat, Platz der Vereinten Nationen 1, 53113 Bonn, GermanyTel. (+49 228) 815 2449, Contact, This site is maintained by the CMS Secretariat © 2020, CMS Secretariat, Platz der Vereinten Nationen 1, 53113 Bonn, Germany. In other areas, local people volunteered to patrol known Amur Falcon sites during the birds’ annual visit to protect the species. "In a world where conservation problems usually go from bad to worse, the campaign to save the Amur falcon serves as a beacon of hope. Promoting mountain biking (cycling) with the Mount MorashenDownhill MTB Challenge. These birds who weigh less than 200g fly over 2,000 miles non-stop over the Arabian Sea. It may be mentioned that Amur falcon conservation campaign began following reports of its mass slaughter and subsequent warning served by the state government to the public of Pangti area. The Amur falcon has a large range with a stable population and is noteworthy for undertaking one of the most arduous annual migrations of any bird of prey. The Amur Falcon conservation project was launched in Nagaland in 2013 and extended to Manipur three years later. They were called Ra Ruai or Birds of God. Thus, this stoppage is highly important for the birds as they then fly non-stop for more than six days to cross Arabian sea. The abundance of termites in September and October makes the area a preferred refueling site for the birds before they continue their flight across the Arabian Sea to the African continent. These small raptors of the Falcon family prey on small insects and pests which destroy vegetables and crops. The wide breeding range and large population size of the Amur falcon have led to the species being assessed as being of least concern. During the meeting, Dr. Kumar reached out to Nick P. Williams, Head of the Coordinating Unit of the Raptors MOU, an agreement to protect endangered raptors under the auspices of CMS. In Wokha district in 2013 had local names—Naga, Pangti and Wokha alert the scientist about additional large.. 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